Define Executive Coaching
Executive coaching is a means by which a company professional undergoes individualized sessions with a person trained specifically in career coaching. The executive coach assesses the professional’s skills and effectiveness within the workplace and identifies areas that can be improved upon. Together, through various exercises, the executive coach and company professional work to improve upon areas in which the company professional could better optimize their effectiveness. Various steps lead to this goal, but the steps must be taken through a collaborative effort.
Concepts of Leadership
Leadership is the ability to make and implement decisions, while at the same time causing followers (in this case, staff) to act toward the same objective. Many theories exist on leadership, authority and responsibility. According to one modern theory, leadership can be based upon traits and principles, behavior and process, situation and contingency, charisma and transformation or simply power. Other theories abound as well which bring into play revolution, reform, bureaucracy and opinion. The school of thought that one subscribes to depends mainly upon their upbringing, education and circumstances.
Human behavior effects and is affected by a variety of traits including the stability of emotions, the level of open-mindedness, the intensity of individual creativity, cooperativeness and the height of conscientiousness that the person exhibits. Influential ability and dominance are two human behavior factors that are engaged within the role of leadership. Other dynamics such as the person's value system, level of maturity and inherit motivation are also components. The culmination resulting in behavior is arrived at through genetics, culture and situational response.
Communication is essential in any situation. When it comes to the role of an executive or leader, communication skills are even more pertinent. Mediation is often required within an executive setting and this is often due to a breakdown in communication. Not only must an executive be able to effectively communicate with individuals, they also need expertise that allows them to facilitate communication between others.
Different things motivate people. An incentive is a great motivation for some people, while knowledge is the right persuasion required to motivate others. Stimulation is important, as an individual who starts to feel that a task is mundane is less likely to finish it. Other motivators include a showing of appreciation, clear communication and a proper amount of praise.
There are a number of ways to build teamwork skills, but most focus on having fun. When a group of people is having a good time, they are more likely to work together in unison. When team building is done in an enjoyable way, it begins to feel less like work and more like play. Trust exercises and problem solving activities are presented to the group.
Time management skills are important within a career. Leaders are able to effectively manage their own time as well as schedule other’s time in a way that allows the staff to work without running into problems. Teaching ways to avoid procrastination is a major factor in time management. Other considerations include allowing excess time for interruptions as well as allowing time for breaks.
Mentoring is a combination of trust, support, growth and challenges. It is a way of building upon existing knowledge with the intent of providing career development skills. It helps the mentee to not only identify a purpose for their role, but also to understand it. This profound responsibility can be very defining for each person involved.
Organization is key in an authoritative position. Physical and mental organizational skills each bear weight in the overall routine that a person establishes. Without this routine, time-management is affected and optimal communication is altered. Organizing is a means of controlling a situation before it gets out of hand. It is imperative to a balanced career.
Follow Up After Action
Assessing a situation after it has taken place is a very important step in executive coaching. This allows a mistake to be examined, and a resolution to be presented, so that the mistake does not occur again. This also allows the effectiveness of teamwork to be evaluated, and if necessary, improved upon. It is important to stay specific when completing an after action review.